The 1950s was a decade of prosperity, simple pleasures, and lots of rock and roll. From sock hops and poodle skirts to the advent of television and the baby boom, this decade was a pivotal time in American history.

It was the era of Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe, and James Dean, of I Love Lucy and The Honeymooners, and of groundbreaking events that shaped the world as we know it today. In this quiz, we’re turning back the clock to this iconic era. So, dust off your leather jacket, slip on your saddle shoes, and rock around the clock with us as we test your knowledge of the fabulous ’50s.

1. In the colorful lingo of the 1950s, what did it mean if someone had a lot of “bread”?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. They Were Popular

B. They Were Rich

C. They Were Tired

D. They Were Uncool

Answer: B. They Were Rich

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In the 1950s, having a lot of “bread” wasn’t about baked goods – it meant you were rolling in dough! “Bread” was a popular slang term for money back then, likely inspired by the phrase “breadwinner,” referring to someone who brings home the bacon (or bread, in this case).

2. Which woman famously declined to relinquish her seat to a white man in 1955?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Rosa Parks

B. Rosa Crow

C. Susan Brown

D. Rona Berry

Answer: A. Rosa Parks

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: While Rosa Parks’ bus boycott stand in 1955 sparked the Civil Rights Movement, nine months earlier, 15-year-old Claudette Colvin took a similar stand against bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama. Her courageous act, though lesser-known, paved the way for Parks and others to fight for racial equality.

3. Introduced in 1958, what type of animals were the characters Alvin, Simon, and Theodore?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Fish

B. Chipmunks

C. Monkeys

D. Beavers

Answer: B. Chipmunks

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Chipmunks Alvin, Simon, and Theodore, named after Liberty Records executives, are musical stars! Their debut song, “The Chipmunk Song,” topped the charts in 1958, launching their rise to fame as the beloved stars of the “Alvin and the Chipmunks” franchise.

4. What type of product was an Edsel?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Aircraft

B. Automobile

C. Children’s Game

D. Candy

Answer: B. Automobile

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Debuting in the 1950s, the Ford Edsel, named after Henry Ford’s son, aimed to stand out with its oval grille. However, this unique design flopped, lasting only two years. Now a collector’s dream, with less than 10,000 surviving, the Edsel is a reminder of even the biggest auto giants’ stumbles.

5. In Richard Nixon’s famous “Checkers” speech, what was Checkers?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. A Dog

B. A Board Game

C. An Article of Clothing

D. A Person

Answer: A. A Dog

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1952, Richard Nixon delivered his memorable “Checkers” speech on NBC, emphasizing Republican values. He shared an anecdote about his dog, Checkers, and praised his wife Pat for her modest Republican cloth coat, reinforcing the importance of staying true to party principles.

6. Which of these 1950s films starred Marilyn Monroe?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Breakfast at Tiffany’s

B. Here Comes the Groom

C. Teacher’s Pet

D. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes

Answer: D. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Hollywood icon Marilyn Monroe cemented her status in the 1953 film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.  She embodied the role of Lorelei Lee, a diamond-loving blonde, with unforgettable songs and lines.  This glamorous film, a testament to Hollywood’s Golden Age, continues to captivate audiences with its timeless style.

7. What was the name of the San Francisco stadium built for the Giants in 1959?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. AT&T Park

B. Willie Mays Stadium

C. Harvey Milk Stadium

D. Candlestick Park

Answer: D. Candlestick Park

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: The San Francisco Giants didn’t waste any time finding a new home after moving from New York in 1958. They briefly played at Seals Stadium for a year before moving to their permanent digs, Candlestick Park, in 1960.

8. Which 1953 film featured the combined acting talents of Lauren Bacall, Betty Grable, and Marilyn Monroe?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. How to Marry a Millionaire

B. The Bridal Path

C. Spring in Berlin

D. Designing Woman

Answer: A. How to Marry a Millionaire

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Bringing glamour to the big screen in 1953, the romantic comedy “How to Marry a Millionaire” boasted a stellar cast with Marilyn Monroe, Lauren Bacall, and Betty Grable. This trio played ambitious women on the hunt for husbands in New York’s posh Park Avenue. Notably, the film was a technological first, employing the then-innovative Cinemascope and stereo sound.

9.  Can you identify the movie from the ’50s that showcased a significant amount of surfing?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Here Comes the Groom

B. On the Waterfront

C. Gidget

D. The Matchmaker

Answer: C. Gidget

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: The 1959 film Gidget captured the hearts of audiences with its lighthearted look at American beach life.  More than just a fun flick, it introduced surfing to mainstream America, previously only seen in travel films.  Starring Sandra Dee, James Darren, and Cliff Robertson, Gidget became a cultural touchstone, leaving a lasting impact on both surfing and movie trends.

10. What magazine was first published in August, 1952 and focused on humor?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. National Lampoon

B. Cracked

C. Mad

D. The Saturday Evening Post

Answer: C. Mad

Source: Imgur

Insight: Debuting in 1952, Mad magazine, the brainchild of editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, swiftly carved a niche in American satire. Mockery and lampooning everything from pop culture to politics became its trademark, influencing generations. While Alfred E. Neuman, the magazine’s wide-eyed mascot, wouldn’t grace the cover until 1954, he’s been a constant presence ever since.

11. What was the profession of Jonas Salk, whose work in the 1950s had a major global impact?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Astronaut

B. Disc Jockey

C. Doctor

D. Entrepreneur

Answer: C. Doctor

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Dr. Jonas Salk, an American virologist, dedicated his career to fighting polio. After graduating from NYU’s School of Medicine, he achieved global recognition for developing a successful polio vaccine in the 1950s. Prioritizing public health over personal gain, Salk refused to patent his lifesaving invention, reflecting his commitment to eradicating this crippling disease.

12. In 1953, the headlines read “Rosenbergs Executed”. What was the reason behind the execution of this married couple?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Terrorism

B. Fraud

C. Armed Robbery

D. Espionage

Answer: D. Espionage

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg faced execution for espionage, the act of spying for another country. Accused of sharing atomic bomb secrets with the Soviet Union in 1945, they became the first American civilians condemned to death under the Espionage Act for jeopardizing national security. While not charged with trying to dismantle the government (treason), their alleged actions were a grave betrayal.

13. During the 1950s, which conflict occurred within the borders of an Asian nation?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Suez Crisis

B. World War I

C. Korean War

D. Cold War

Answer: C. Korean War

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: The Korean War, a major conflict of the 1950s, pitted communist North Korea against democratic South Korea. Sparked by a North Korean invasion in 1950, the war drew in the United States and China, making it a key battleground in the Cold War. This brutal fight, lasting until 1953,  marked a significant moment as the U.S. went to war without congressional approval.

14. Following the death of Stalin on March 5, 1953, who ascended to the helm of leadership in the Soviet Union on September 14, 1953?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Molotov

B. Beria

C. Khrushchev

D. Lenin

Answer: C. Khrushchev

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Following Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953, a power struggle brewed in the Soviet Union. Nikita Khrushchev rose to the top, becoming the first Secretary of the newly created leadership position. This marked the start of de-Stalinization, with Khrushchev leading the country until 1964. Fun fact: He was even the first Soviet leader to visit the United States!

15. Which 1957 rom-com starred Audrey Hepburn, portraying a character deeply in love with a man nearly three decades older than her?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Love in the Afternoon

B. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes

C. Gidget

D. Abundance of Life

Answer: A. Love in the Afternoon

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Billy Wilder’s romantic comedy, Love in the Afternoon, features a captivating Audrey Hepburn entangled with a charmingly older Gary Cooper. Their nearly 30-year age difference sparks a complex yet delightful story. Though some found it slightly cynical, it remains a beloved entry in Wilder’s filmography, showcasing a more mellow side to his signature comedic style.

16. Which film from the ’50s is centered around the life of a witch?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Brandy for the Parson

B. Bell, Book and Candle

C. The Bridge on the River Kwai

D. Indiscreet

Answer: B. Bell, Book and Candle

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1958’s romantic comedy Bell, Book and Candle, a modern-day witch named Gillian (played by Kim Novak) stirs up some trouble in Greenwich Village. When she sets her sights on a charming publisher (played by James Stewart), she casts a love spell to make him hers. This film captures the 1950s craze for the supernatural with a dash of romance, creating a lighthearted mix of magic and love.

17. In which 1951 film, adapted from a Tennessee Williams play, can you see Marlon Brando sporting an undershirt?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Julius Caesar

B. A Streetcar Named Desire

C. The Godfather

D. Sayonara

Answer: B. A Streetcar Named Desire

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Marlon Brando brought Stanley Kowalski to life in the 1951 film adaptation of Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire. Set in New Orleans after WWII, the drama centers on Stanley, his wife Stella, and her fragile sister Blanche. Brando’s iconic performance, often in a casual undershirt, helped popularize the garment and make the film a classic.

18. Which iconic figure graced the cover of the inaugural edition of Playboy magazine in 1953?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Sophia Loren

B. Jane Russell

C. Audrey Hepburn

D. Marilyn Monroe

Answer: D. Marilyn Monroe

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Marilyn Monroe became the face of a cultural phenomenon in 1953. Hugh Hefner, with a shrewd eye, chose her as the very first cover girl for his new magazine, Playboy. This daring move secured the magazine’s future success – Monroe’s star power guaranteed the inaugural issue, which lacked a date due to Hefner’s initial uncertainty, would be an instant hit.

19. What was the last name of Robert Young’s character in the television show Father Knows Best?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Jones

B. Anderson

C. Stephens

D. Wilson

Answer: B. Anderson

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In the classic 1950s sitcom Father Knows Best (1954-1960), viewers met the Andersons, a typical American family.  James Anderson, played by Robert Young, was the head of the household, while Jane Wyman portrayed his wife Margaret.

20. Hazel Bishop was known for the manufacture of what kind of consumer goods during the ‘Fabulous Fifties’?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Kitchen appliances

B. Men’s Clothing

C. TV Dinners

D. Cosmetics

Answer: D. Cosmetics

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Pioneering chemist Hazel Bishop revolutionized makeup with her invention of smudge-proof lipstick in the 1950s.  This “Lasting Lipstick” transformed how women wore makeup and propelled her company to become a household name in cosmetics. So, thank Hazel Bishop next time you swipe on your favorite long-lasting lip color!

21. What is the name of the hairstyle that is typically associated with ‘greasers’ in the US?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Flat top hairdos

B. The Greaser Look

C. Ducktail hairdos

D. The Brylcreem Look

Answer: C. Ducktail hairdos

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Greasers of the 1950s rocked the iconic Ducktail hairstyle. This slicked-back look, achieved with generous amounts of pomade, resembled a duck’s tail with hair combed to the sides and a center part down the back. Popularized by stars like Elvis and characters like Fonzie, the Ducktail became a symbol of the greaser subculture, named for the heavy use of hair products that kept the style in place.

22. Who was the recipient of attorney Joseph Welch’s 1954 question: “Have you no sense of decency, sir?”

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Dwight Eisenhower

B. Joseph McCarthy

C. Joseph Stalin

D. Joseph Cotten

Answer: B. Joseph McCarthy

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Senator Joseph McCarthy’s reign of fear through unsubstantiated communist accusations came to a head during the televised Army-McCarthy hearings in 1954.  Lawyer Joseph Welch’s searing question, “Have you no sense of decency, sir?”, exposed McCarthy’s tactics to a national audience. This turning point led to a decline in McCarthy’s support and his eventual censure by the Senate.

23. Can you identify the 1955 movie that starred Frank Sinatra and Debbie Reynolds?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. The Tender Trap

B. Born to be Loved

C. The Happy Years

D. Dial M for Murder

Answer: A. The Tender Trap

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Catch Frank Sinatra as a charismatic ladies’ man and Debbie Reynolds as a marriage-minded actress in the 1955 classic, “The Tender Trap.” This delightful battle-of-the-sexes comedy showcases their undeniable chemistry and is a must-watch for fans of romantic comedies.

24. In the 1950s, how much did an Almond Joy candy bar cost?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. 10 cents

B. 25 cents

C. 3 cents

D. 50 cents

Answer: A. 10 cents

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In the 1950s, a taste of luxury came at a premium. While classic candy bars went for a nickel, the Almond Joy, featuring a unique combo of milk chocolate, almonds, and coconut, cost a dime. Launched in 1957, it quickly became a favorite, standing out for its richer ingredients compared to other treats of the time.

25. What film is also known as The Adventures of Sadie?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Sunset Boulevard

B. The Long Night

C. Our Girl Friday

D. Rebel without a Cause

Answer: C. Our Girl Friday

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: “The Adventures of Sadie,” a movie title that might conjure up romantic notions, takes a surprising turn. Released as “Our Girl Friday” in some regions during the 1950s, this film throws Joan Collins not into the arms of love, but onto the shores of “Temptation Island” after a shipwreck!

26. What name is Lawrence Harvey Ziegler, who began a long radio broadcasting career on May 1, 1957, better known by today?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Alan Freed

B. Dick Clark

C. Pat Boone

D. Larry King

Answer: D. Larry King

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Larry King’s broadcasting career began modestly in 1957 at Miami Beach’s WAHR. Starting with odd jobs, he eventually transitioned into announcing. With a stage name suggestion from the station manager, Larry King soon found himself interviewing people on a Miami Beach radio show. From those humble beginnings, he rose to become a world-famous talk show host and writer before his passing in 2021.

27. In 1954, C.A. Swanson and Sons unveiled the first ever TV dinner. Can you recall what the main course was?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Baked fish

B. Roast turkey

C. Grilled steak

D. Baked chicken

Answer: B. Roast turkey

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1953, C.A. Swanson and Sons revolutionized mealtime with the TV dinner. This frozen feast, featuring roast turkey with all the trimmings, cost only 98 cents and signaled a new era of convenient, TV-watching dinners.

28. What was the purpose of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), formed in 1954?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. To Promote Trade

B. To Create a Sports League

C. To Collaborate Scientifically

D. To Be a Defense Alliance

Answer: D. To Be a Defense Alliance

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: During the Cold War, in 1954, the United States joined forces with countries like Britain, France, and Australia to form the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, or SEATO. This alliance aimed to block the spread of communism in Southeast Asia by working together to defend the region and deter any communist threats.

29. What unprecedented act did Don Larsen accomplish on October 8, 1956?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Completed the first Grand Slam in tennis

B. Pitched a perfect game in the World Series

C. Ran the first four minute mile

D. Swam the English Channel underwater

Answer: B. Pitched a perfect game in the World Series

Source: AP

Insight: In baseball history, October 8th, 1956, is etched in memory. New York Yankees pitcher Don Larsen threw a perfect game in the World Series, striking out every batter he faced. This incredible feat, achieved with just 97 pitches, secured a 2-0 win against the Brooklyn Dodgers and significantly boosted the Yankees on their path to World Series victory.

30. Who released the single “Cry” in 1951?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Chuck Berry

B. Johnnie Ray

C. Elvis Presley

D. Buddy Holly

Answer: B. Johnnie Ray

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: American singer Johnnie Ray rocketed to fame in 1951 with his double-sided hit “Cry” / “The Little White Cloud That Cried.” The song, reaching number two on the charts, showcased Ray’s talent and left a lasting impression. Its catchy melody continues to resonate with listeners today.

31. Which of the following was NOT killed on “The Day the Music Died”?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Don McLean

B. The Big Bopper

C. Ritchie Valens

D. Buddy Holly

Answer: A. Don McLean

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: A rock and roll legend was born – and tragically cut short – on February 3rd, 1959.  Music icons Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. Richardson perished in a plane crash en route from Iowa to North Dakota.  This event, later termed “The Day the Music Died” by singer Don McLean, forever marked a turning point in American music history.

32. What was the birth name of the creator of the first Ann Landers column in the Chicago Sun-Times in 1955?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Esther Pauline Friedman

B. Anne Mary Parker

C. Loretta Lynne

D. Jane Addams

Answer: A. Esther Pauline Friedman

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Twin sisters, Esther Pauline Friedman (Ann Landers) and Pauline Esther Friedman (Abigail Van Buren), dominated the advice column scene. Ann Landers’ witty wisdom, accompanied by Tony Auth’s illustrations, graced the pages of the Chicago Sun-Times starting in 1955 and quickly captured the hearts (and problems) of 90 million readers.

33. What was the French Sardine Co. renamed to in 1953?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. SeaKist

B. Bumble Bee

C. StarKist

D. Chicken of the Sea

Answer: C. StarKist

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Starting out as the French Sardine Company in 1953, StarKist transformed into a seafood giant. By 1961, they were the top tuna canner globally, with their mascot, Charley the Tuna, swimming into hearts and kitchens. StarKist remains a prominent brand in canned seafood, boasting a long legacy in California’s Fish Harbor alongside other historic canneries.

34. Which television show premiered on January 14, 1952 with Dave Garroway and Jack Lescoulie as hosts?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Dragnet

B. Today

C. The Late Show with Johnny Carson

D. Meet the Press

Answer: B. Today

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: NBC’s iconic “The Today Show” first hit the airwaves on January 14, 1952.  Dave Garroway served as the host, joined by panelists Jack Lescoulie and news anchor Jim Fleming. Lescoulie also doubled up as the show’s sports commentator.

35. Which long-running soap opera aired from 1956 to 2010?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. As the World Turns

B. Search for Tomorrow

C. The Young and the Restless

D. General Hospital

Answer: A. As the World Turns

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Airing for over half a century, As the World Turns captivated audiences from 1956 to 2010. This drama, set in the fictional town of Oakdale, became a daytime staple alongside shows like Guiding Light. Focusing on the lives and loves of its characters, As the World Turns held the record for the longest-running soap opera on television at its finale, with over 13,000 episodes.

36. Which of the following was NOT one of the seven pilots selected by NASA to become the first Americans in space?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Scott Crossfield

B. Donald K. Slayton

C. Gus Grissom

D. L. Gordon Cooper Jr.

Answer: A. Scott Crossfield

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: While not among the first seven NASA astronauts, Scott Crossfield played a vital role in America’s early space program. A seasoned pilot from his WWII days, he became the first to fly the X-15 spaceplane and break Mach 2, unofficially reaching Mach 3 as well.

37. Which 1951 movie starred Caesar Romero, also known for his role as the Joker on television?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. On the Waterfront

B. Pillowtalk

C. Rebel Without a Cause

D. Happy Go Lovely

Answer: D. Happy Go Lovely

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Before becoming the iconic Joker on Batman, Cesar Romero appeared in the 1951 musical comedy film Happy Go Lovely alongside David Niven and Vera-Ellen. Though not a classic itself, the film offers a glimpse of Romero’s acting range before his legendary villainous turn.

38. Which team emerged victorious in the 1954 World Series, the first to be broadcast in color?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. New York Giants

B. Milwaukee Braves

C. Boston Red Sox

D. Cleveland Indians

Answer: A. New York Giants

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: The New York Giants triumphed in the 1954 World Series, the first ever televised in color. This victory held a special significance beyond the win itself. The Giants’ roster included black players, a progressive step for baseball that challenged racial segregation prevalent throughout the country.  Their dominance was undeniable, sweeping the Cleveland Indians in a clean 4-0 series win.

39. Which of these books was published as a novel in the 1950s?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

B. The Catcher in the Rye

C. Tales of the South Pacific

D. Catch-22

Answer: B. The Catcher in the Rye

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: J.D. Salinger’s 1951 novel, The Catcher in the Rye, has become a timeless coming-of-age story. Published in 1951, the book captures the essence of teenage angst and alienation, resonating with readers for generations.

40. Which 1954 film showcased Humphrey Bogart in the role of a romantic lead?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Rebel Without a Cause

B. On the Waterfront

C. Gigi

D. Sabrina

Answer: D. Sabrina

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Audrey Hepburn shines as the captivating title character, who captures the heart of Humphrey Bogart in a surprising turn from his usual tough-guy persona. This charming film is a must-watch for fans of classic Hollywood and Hepburn’s timeless elegance.

41. In which city did the historic event of school integration by troops occur in 1957?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Little Rock, Arkansas

B. Montgomery, Alabama

C. Atlanta, Georgia

D. Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Answer: A. Little Rock, Arkansas

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1957, after the Brown v. Board ruling ended segregation in schools, Little Rock, Arkansas became the stage for a historic fight for integration. Nine African American students, the Little Rock Nine, faced fierce resistance when enrolling at Central High. Even the National Guard was called in to block them. President Eisenhower’s response was swift – federal troops were sent to escort the students, enforcing the Supreme Court’s decision and marking a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement.

42. When was the grand opening of Disneyland?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. July 17, 1955

B. December 5, 1953

C. June 26, 1959

D. July 17, 1951

Answer: A. July 17, 1955

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Debuting on July 17th, 1955, Disneyland, the “Happiest Place on Earth,” opened its doors with a bang. Walt Disney himself oversaw the grand opening, a historic live telecast watched by millions. Californians flocked to the park despite the heat, and in just a year, this 160-acre wonder became a California icon. Talk about a magical feat!

43. What is widely considered to be the first major American charge card?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Diners Club

B. Visa

C. Mastercard

D. American Express

Answer: A. Diners Club

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Sparked by a forgotten wallet at a restaurant, Frank McNamara created history in 1950. His Diners Club, the world’s first multipurpose charge card, launched with acceptance at just 14 restaurants. This innovation paved the way for modern credit cards, forever changing the way we pay.

44. On September 21, 1955, which heavyweight boxer won their 49th, and final, consecutive fight?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Floyd Patterson

B. Rocky Marciano

C. Joe Louis

D. Archie Moore

Answer: B. Rocky Marciano

Source: Sporting News Archive

Insight: Undefeated boxing legend Rocky Marciano, nicknamed the “Brockton Blockbuster,” cemented his dominance on September 21st, 1955. Knocking out Archie Moore in the 9th round marked his 49th consecutive victory, solidifying his reign as heavyweight champion following Joe Louis’ retirement in 1948.

45. On May 18, 1953, Jacqueline Cochran achieved a historic feat. What was it?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Flying a Hot Air Balloon

B. Breaking the Sound Barrier

C. Becoming a Naval Admiral

D. Captaining a Cruise Ship

Answer: B. Breaking the Sound Barrier

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Jacqueline Cochran shattered glass ceilings at supersonic speeds in 1953. Piloting an F-86 Sabre jet, she became the first woman to break the sound barrier, exceeding 650 mph at Rogers Dry Lake, California. Inspired by aviation pioneer Chuck Yeager, Cochran’s accomplishment wasn’t just historic for gender – it made her the record-holder for most speed, altitude, and distance achievements of any pilot at the time.

46. Who is the young narrator of the novel Catcher in the Rye, which was published in July of 1951?

Source: Britannica

A. James Castle

B. Sally Hayes

C. Holden Caulfield

D. D.B. Caulfield

Answer: C. Holden Caulfield

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: J.D. Salinger’s 1951 novel, The Catcher in the Rye, features Holden Caulfield, a disillusioned teen narrator expelled from boarding school. Wandering New York City, Holden embodies teenage angst and rebellion. His dream of being a “catcher in the rye” reflects a yearning to protect children from the disillusionment that awaits them in adulthood.

47. In which film can you witness Katharine Hepburn showing off her golf and tennis skills?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Love in the Afternoon

B. Suddenly, Last Summer

C. Bus Stop

D. Pat and Mike

Answer: D. Pat and Mike

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Sports whiz Pat (played by the ever-sophisticated Katharine Hepburn) swings into action in the 1952 rom-com, Pat and Mike. Here, Hepburn showcases her athletic prowess in golf and tennis, while navigating a developing romance with her manager Mike (Spencer Tracy). Her performance was a hit, even earning a Golden Globe nomination

48. In 1951, what fast-food chain opened its first drive-thru in San Diego?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Jack-in-the-Box

B. Dairy King

C. Dairy Queen

D. White Castle

Answer: A. Jack-in-the-Box

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1951, San Diego witnessed the birth of Jack in the Box. This pioneering drive-thru, started by Robert O. Peterson, offered a limited menu – including 18-cent hamburgers – and a futuristic way to order: via intercom from your car. The giant jester on the roof left no doubt you’d arrived at the place for fast food fun.

49. What was the name of the U.S. manned space-flight project initiated in 1958?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Project Voyager

B. Project Apollo

C. Project Gemini

D. Project Mercury

Answer: D. Project Mercury

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: The United States launched Project Mercury from 1958 to 1963, aiming to be the first nation to send a human into space. The program successfully completed six missions, including the first American in space, Alan Shepard, in 1961. Project Mercury paved the way for future space exploration by testing the effects of spaceflight and laying the groundwork for more ambitious missions.

50. In 1952, who published their novel Invisible Man?

Source: Imdb

A. James Baldwin

B. Ralph Ellison

C. Langston Hughes

D. Zora Neale Hurston

Answer: B. Ralph Ellison

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: African-American author Ralph Ellison (1914-1994) burst onto the scene in 1952 with his debut novel, Invisible Man. Published by Random House, the book garnered a National Book Award just a year later, solidifying its place as a major work of American postwar literature.

51. In 1958, which country adopted the constitution of the Fifth Republic?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Italy

B. France

C. Belgium

D. Germany

Answer: B. France

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Following the political unrest in Algeria (1958), France adopted a new constitution – the Fifth Republic. Led by Charles de Gaulle, this document aimed to strengthen the government. It enshrined equality for all citizens and established a powerful presidency, shaping French politics to this day.

52. What was the title of Ian Fleming’s first James Bond novel, published in 1953?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Casino Royale

B. Moonraker

C. Dr. No

D. Live and Let Die

Answer: A. Casino Royale

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Ian Fleming’s 1953 novel, Casino Royale, launched the iconic James Bond series.  Written in Jamaica and published first in the U.K., it introduced the world to 007 and paved the way for twelve more novels featuring the famous secret agent.

53. What city hosted the 1952 Summer Olympics?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Helsinki, Finland

B. Stockholm, Sweden

C. Copenhagen, Denmark

D. Oslo, Norway

Answer: A. Helsinki, Finland

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1952, Helsinki, Finland, became the smallest city ever to host the Summer Olympics. Held from July 19th to August 3rd, the games saw a rise in participating countries thanks to the USSR’s involvement. New sporting facilities, built in the late 1930s, accommodated the athletes, and the event’s legacy lived on through the Helsinki Baltic Herring Festival held later that year.

54. Who was the Most Valuable Player of the 1957 World Series, earning the honor for helping the Milwaukee Braves take the title?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Yogi Berra

B. Whitey Ford

C. Lew Burdette

D. Mickey Mantle

Answer: C. Lew Burdette

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1957, Lew Burdette cemented himself as a legend. Pitching for the Milwaukee Braves, he dominated the World Series, earning MVP honors with three complete-game victories.  Burdette’s incredible performance, allowing only two earned runs in 27 innings, propelled the Braves to their first ever World Series win.

55. What was the first musical film that Audrey Hepburn starred in, premiering in 1957?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Funny Face

B. Roman Holiday

C. Tammy

D. Breakfast at Tiffany’s

Answer: A. Funny Face

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Audrey Hepburn dipped her toes into musicals with the 1957 romantic comedy, Funny Face. Co-starring Fred Astaire, the film blended humor, romance, and music, highlighting Hepburn’s acting range. Notably, Funny Face was one of Astaire’s Parisian musicals from the 50s. Hepburn’s captivating performance bridged the gap between classic musicals and a fresh cinematic era.

56. Can you name the city that hosted the Summer Olympics in 1956?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Helsinki

B. Melbourne

C. Tokyo

D. Mexico City

Answer: B. Melbourne

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: History was made in 1956 when Melbourne became the first southern hemisphere city to host the Summer Olympics!  The Games spread across various Melbourne venues, with one event even venturing to nearby Ballarat.  This southern celebration cemented Melbourne’s place in Olympic history.

57. Among the following actors, who did NOT star in the film Rebel Without a Cause?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Natalie Wood

B. Elizabeth Taylor

C. Marilyn Monroe

D. James Dean

Answer: B. Elizabeth Taylor

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Despite being Hollywood legends of the 1950s, Elizabeth Taylor wasn’t part of the iconic “Rebel Without a Cause” cast alongside James Dean, Natalie Wood, and Sal Mineo (all of whom sadly passed away young). However, she did share the silver screen with Dean in another film, “Giant.”

58. Which instrumental hit topped the Billboard charts in the fall of 1959 and was the last number one of the fifties?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. 40 Miles of Bad Road

B. Teen Beat

C. Sleep Walk

D. Tequila

Answer: C. Sleep Walk

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1959, brothers Santo and Johnny Farina’s instrumental “Sleep Walk” topped the Billboard charts for two weeks, becoming the final instrumental song to achieve that feat in the 50s. The gold record-winning track has inspired numerous covers, including Sandy Nelson’s “Teen Beat” which itself reached number four on the Hot 100 that same year.

59. The first Pizza Hut was opened by an eighteen-year-old following a 1958 magazine article about a “pizza fad” among teenagers and college students. Can you recall where this American city was?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Tampa, Florida

B. Omaha, Nebraska

C. Buffalo, New York

D. Wichita, Kansas

Answer: D. Wichita, Kansas

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Teenager Frank Carney sparked a national pizza craze when he opened the first Pizza Hut in Wichita, Kansas way back in 1958. Inspired by pizza’s growing popularity, he turned a $600 loan into a fast-food empire. So, the next time you grab a slice, remember – it all started in America’s heartland!

60. In the 1950s, what did you need to submit to get a Captain Midnight decoder ring?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Two Box Tops

B. Coupon from a Cereal Box

C. Ovaltine Seal

D. Baby Ruth Wrapper

Answer: C. Ovaltine Seal

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Ovaltine, a drink popular in the 1950s, used Captain Midnight’s radio and TV show to engage young fans. To join the show’s “Secret Squadron,” kids sent in Ovaltine seals and received decoder rings. While these rings were a fun perk, they were actually a bit impractical – larger pins were typically used for these decoders because the rings were too small to hold all the letters and numbers needed to crack the secret codes.

61. What popular children’s toy/science project was created by Milton Levine in 1956?

Source: Wikimedia/Vhouse72

A. Moon Sand

B. Erector Set

C. Ant Farm

D. Radio Flyer Wagon

Answer: C. Ant Farm

Source: Wikimedia/Jorge Horan

Insight: Inspired by a backyard encounter with ants, Milton Levine co-founded Uncle Milton Toys in 1956.  His genius creation, the Ant Farm, exploded in popularity, selling over 20 million units and becoming a childhood favorite.  Levine’s company built a reputation for educational toys, sparking curiosity with ant farms, frog habitats, and even planetariums.

62. When Ray Kroc first encountered the McDonald brothers in San Bernardino, California in 1954, what was his occupation?

Source: Wikimedia/Sigfried Rödig

A. Automobile Salesman

B. Refrigerator Salesman

C. Meat Salesman

D. Milkshake Mixer Salesman

Answer: D. Milkshake Mixer Salesman

Source: Wikimedia/Peter Burka

Insight: Spotting an opportunity, Ray Kroc, a milkshake mixer salesman from Illinois, visited a successful restaurant run by the McDonald brothers in California in 1954. Impressed by their efficient system, Kroc transformed their local operation into the global McDonald’s franchise we know today.

63. What role did Katy the Kangaroo, Elmo the Elephant, and Newt the Gnu have in 1952?

Source: Frostedflakes

A. Kids Television Characters

B. Picture Story Books

C. Ringling Brothers Circus Performers

D. Breakfast Cereal Representatives

Answer: D. Breakfast Cereal Representatives

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1952, Kellogg’s sought a mascot for their new sugary cereal, Sugar Frosted Flakes. After a competition, Tony the Tiger emerged victorious, leaving behind contenders like Katy the Kangaroo and Elmo the Elephant (not the Sesame Street one!).

64. Which 1955 film narrates the story of an unsophisticated young woman causing a stir in the upper classes?

Source: Wikimedia/Pedro Subercaseaux

A. Ain’t Misbehavin’

B. High Society

C. Golden Girl

D. Forever, Darling

Answer: A. Ain’t Misbehavin’

Source: Wikimedia/Universal Pictures

Insight: More than just a love story,  Ain’t Misbehavin’ throws a spotlight on a captivating young woman who charms a wealthy man, much to society’s surprise. This groundbreaking musical not only entertains with classic tunes like “Cheek to Cheek,” but also celebrates the power of Black performers in American entertainment history.

65. What was the title of the 1957 film that marked the first big-screen appearance of the model Suzy Parker?

Source: Wikimedia/ebay

A. Three Sisters

B. Kiss Them For Me

C. Suddenly, Last Summer

D. The Best of Everything

Answer: B. Kiss Them For Me

Source: Imdb

Insight: Suzy Parker made a splashy Hollywood debut in “Kiss Them For Me,” not only gracing the silver screen for the first time, but also shattering records as the first model to command a cool $100,000 for a single role. This romantic comedy set in San Francisco marked the beginning of Parker’s acting career.

66. Who featured on the cover of the debut issue of TV Guide?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Milton Berle

B. Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV

C. Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca

D. Paul McCartney

Answer: B. Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV

Source: Wikimedia/ABC Television

Insight: Desi Arnaz Jr., born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV, made history as the very first cover star of TV Guide in 1953. Nicknamed “Lucy’s $50,000,000 baby” after his famous mom Lucille Ball, he paved the way for countless future cover stars. Ball herself went on to become the most featured person on TV Guide, solidifying their family’s place in television history.

67. Who starred as the male lead in the 1952 3-D movie Bwana Devil?

Source: Theasc

A. Johnny Weissmuller

B. John Wayne

C. Jimmy Stewart

D. Robert Stack

Answer: D. Robert Stack

Source: Wikimedia/Bob Beerman

Insight: In “Bwana Devil,” Robert Stack portrayed Jock Howard, an English engineer set on dispelling the natives’ superstitions about man-eating lions. Premiering on November 27, 1952, it marked the U.S.’s first full-length color 3-D film, written and directed by Arch Oboler.