Ah, the 1970s – a decade of bell-bottom jeans, peace signs, and disco dancing! The ’70s were a time of social, political, and cultural change, making for a truly groovy era. This was the decade that gave us Watergate, the Vietnam War, the first Star Wars movie, and the rise of punk rock.

From John Travolta’s iconic strut in Saturday Night Fever to the launch of the space shuttle, the ’70s was a time of memorable events and lasting cultural impact. So dust off your vinyl records, put on your platform shoes, and get ready to boogie down memory lane as we test your knowledge of 1970s pop culture and history. Can you dig it, baby?

1. Who was the heiress that participated in a bank robbery in San Francisco on April 15, 1974?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Patty Hearst

B. Gloria Vanderbilt

C. Jaqueline Getty

D. Doris Duke

Answer: A. Patty Hearst

Source: Wikimedia/Hibernia Bank’s CCTV system

Insight: In a shocking turn of events, heiress Patty Hearst, kidnapped by the radical Symbionese Liberation Army, became a participant in their crimes. Surveillance footage captured her wielding a weapon during a San Francisco bank robbery. This raised questions about coercion, with some believing Stockholm syndrome played a role. Hearst served only a fraction of her 7-year sentence after it was commuted.

2. Can you recall the athlete who triumphed in the decathlon event at the 1976 Olympics?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Guido Kratschmer

B. Bruce Jenner

C. Litvenyenko Avilov

D. Daley Thompson

Answer: B. Bruce Jenner

Source: Wikimedia/Web Summit

Insight: Caitlyn Jenner, then known as Bruce Jenner, dominated the 1976 Olympic decathlon, scoring a record-breaking 8,617 points and securing gold. This victory cemented Jenner’s place in sports history and remains a memorable moment.

3. In the summer of 1972, which renowned American actress visited the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and subsequently earned the nickname ‘Hanoi Jane’?

Source: The Washington Post

A. Jane Russell

B. Jane Goodall

C. Jane Curtain

D. Jane Fonda

Answer: D. Jane Fonda

Source: Wikimedia/Mieremet, Rob / Anefo

Insight: Actress Jane Fonda’s 1972 trip to North Vietnam became a defining moment of her activism.  While there, she spoke out against the Vietnam War on radio broadcasts, earning the nickname “Hanoi Jane.”  A photo of her sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun sparked outrage in the U.S., turning her wartime criticism into a source of major controversy.

4. In which show would you hear the phrase “Kiss My Grits”, uttered by a waitress named Flo?

Source: Youtube

A. Diner Days

B. Waitress Wonders

C. Brewster

D. Alice

Answer: D. Alice

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Fans of 70s sitcoms likely remember the sharp-tongued waitress Flo from “Alice.” Played by Polly Holliday, Flo made “Kiss My Grits” a catchphrase. The 1976 show, set in Mel’s Diner, was a spin-off of the film “Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore,” even featuring Vic Tayback back as Mel!

5. What was the name of the group that abducted newspaper publisher Randolph Hearst’s daughter Patty in 1974?

Source: Wikimedia/Patti Hearst © copyright 2010

A. S.L.A.

B. S.D.S.

C. Al Qaeda

D. The Weather Underground

Answer: A. S.L.A.

Source: Wikimedia/Ofeig (talk)

Insight: In a shocking turn of events, Patty Hearst, heiress to the Hearst newspaper fortune, was snatched from her Berkeley apartment in 1974 by radicals known as the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA). The 19-year-old’s story took a bizarre twist when she seemingly joined her captors, even participating in a bank robbery. This head-turning saga of kidnapping, radicalization, and a notorious crime kept the nation on edge for months.

6. Can you recall the name of the place where a partial core meltdown occurred in a U.S. nuclear power plant on March 28, 1979?

Source: Wikimedia/John G. Kemeny et al

A. Goiania

B. Mackinac Island

C. Three Mile Island

D. San Onofre

Answer: C. Three Mile Island

Source: Wikimedia/Constellation Energy

Insight: In 1979, the Three Mile Island nuclear facility experienced the worst U.S. commercial reactor accident. A cooling malfunction caused a partial meltdown in Unit 2, but fortunately, there were no significant health effects. This event, however, left a lasting mark, raising public fears about nuclear safety and slowing the construction of new plants.

7. Which 1973 movie earned Tatum O’Neal an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress at the age of 11?

Source: Wikimedia/Los Angeles Times

A. Paper Moon

B. The Godfather

C. The Last Picture Show

D. Paper Tiger

Answer: A. Paper Moon

Source: Wikimedia/Chris Whippet

Insight: Just 10 years old, Tatum O’Neal became the youngest-ever Oscar winner for Best Supporting Actress in “Paper Moon” (1973). Directed by Peter Bogdanovich, the Depression-era comedy co-starred her real-life dad, Ryan O’Neal. Her performance wowed both audiences and critics.

8. During the bicentennial celebration in 1976, an event took place on July 4 in Philadelphia, PA where President Ford gave a speech in the presence of distinguished guests including members of Congress, Mayor Rizzo, and governors. This event was hosted by an actor famed for his biblical roles. Can you name this actor?

Source: Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

A. Robert Taylor

B. Charlton Heston

C. Yul Brynner

D. Richard Burton

Answer: B. Charlton Heston

Source: Wikimedia/Trailer screenshot

Insight: Movie legend Charlton Heston, known for his epic biblical roles, added another accomplishment to his resume.  He served as the master of ceremonies for America’s bicentennial celebration, proving his versatility and solidifying his place as a national icon.

9. Who was the 29 year-old who won the World Championship of Chess by defeating Russian Master, Boris Spassky in 1972?

Source: BBC

A. Emanuel Lasker

B. Anatoly Karpov

C. Viktor Korchnoi

D. Bobby Fischer

Answer: D. Bobby Fischer

Source: AP/J. Walter Green

Insight: In a historic 1972 match dubbed the “Match of the Century,” American Bobby Fischer defeated Boris Spassky, the reigning Russian Grandmaster, to become the first U.S. Chess Champion. This victory cemented Fischer’s place in chess history.

10. Which two sides were involved in the 1973 October War?

Source: Flickr/Central Intelligence Agency

A. Israelis and Arabs

B. Americans and Soviets

C. Greeks and Romans

D. English and Irish

Answer: A. Israelis and Arabs

Source: Wikimedia/Israeli GPO photographer

Insight: The 1973 October War, commonly referred to as the Yom Kippur War, saw Israel facing off against a coalition of Arab states like Egypt, Syria, and Iraq. Starting with a surprise attack on Israel by Egypt and Syria on October 6, 1973, the conflict concluded with a ceasefire mediated by US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

11. At which U.S. university did an anti-war demonstration become violent in 1970?

Source: Steven Clevenger

A. Harvard University

B. Kent State

C. Portland State

D. Columbia University

Answer: B. Kent State

Source: Wikimedia/SilentMatt Psychedelic

Insight: A peaceful anti-Vietnam War protest at Kent State University in Ohio turned deadly on May 4th, 1970. Members of the National Guard fired upon the crowd, killing four students and injuring nine. This tragic event became a powerful symbol of the deep divisions over the war and the human cost it inflicted.

12. During the early 1970s, an eye-opening trend required participants to be unclothed. This trend even made an appearance at the 1973 Oscar telecast. Can you name this shocking fad?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Tie-Dyeing

B. Body Painting

C. Disco Dancing

D. Streaking

Answer: D. Streaking

Source: Sports Illustrated

Insight: The 1970s saw a crazy fad of streaking, with people running naked in public places! Even the Oscars weren’t safe. In 1974, a streaker surprised everyone by dashing across the stage during the ceremony. Presenter David Niven remained cool, delivering a witty remark that became an Oscars moment itself.

13. In the late 1970s, Steve Rubell opened a prominent disco in New York that became the ultimate place to be seen. What was the name of this nightclub that made headlines, known for its exclusive entrance guarded by velvet ropes?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Dancefaze

B. The Stardust Lounge

C. Studio 54

D. The Tropicanna

Answer: C. Studio 54

Source: Wikimedia/Alan Light

Insight: In the late 70s, Studio 54 reigned supreme as the ultimate NYC nightspot. Founded by Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager, it drew a star-studded crowd with its massive dance floor, free-spirited vibe, and notoriously selective door. Celebrities like Liza Minnelli and Andy Warhol rubbed shoulders with the elite, solidifying Studio 54’s place as the epitome of cool.

14. Which 1973 horror movie caused theater patrons to become so scared that some of them even vomited or fainted?

Source: Wikimedia/Ian S

A. The Shining

B. Jaws

C. The Exorcist

D. The Hills Have Eyes

Answer: C. The Exorcist

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: William Friedkin’s 1973 horror film, The Exorcist, became an instant classic.  This chilling possession story, penned by William Peter Blatty, reportedly caused fainting and illness in audiences, solidifying its place as a horror icon. Praised for its groundbreaking effects and lasting influence, The Exorcist remains a fan favorite and a cornerstone of the genre.

15. The line, “These are the Tates, and these are the Campbells”, is from which 1970s television show?

Source: Wikimedia/ABC Television

A. Chester

B. Soap

C. Burt

D. Benson

Answer: B. Soap

Source: Wikimedia/Arz

Insight: “These are the Tates, and these are the Campbells,” – the iconic line from the sitcom Soap (1977-1981). This hilarious spoof on daytime dramas featured the wealthy Tates and the working-class Campbells, poking fun at soap opera tropes. Notably, Soap was filmed on videotape, a unique touch that set it apart from the usual film format.

16. The United States’ involvement in what conflict officially concluded on January 28, 1973, due to the signing of The Paris Peace Agreement?

Source: Archives

A. Vietnam War

B. Afghan War

C. Iraq War

D. Korean War

Answer: A. Vietnam War

Source: Wikimedia/U.S. Air Force

Insight: The Vietnam War, the longest U.S. engagement of the 20th century, officially ended for America in 1973 with the Paris Peace Accords. Though fighting continued until Saigon’s fall in 1975, the agreement sped up the withdrawal of U.S. troops by March 1973. Interestingly, a few American service members even remained in Vietnam when the war unofficially ended two years later.

17. Which author’s books served as the foundation for the television show Little House on the Prairie?

Source: Imdb

A. Jane Austen

B. Laura Ingalls Wilder

C. Mary Ingalls Kendall

D. Louisa May Alcott

Answer: B. Laura Ingalls Wilder

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Laura Ingalls Wilder’s beloved book series, not just a single novel, provided the inspiration for the TV show Little House on the Prairie.  Her stories brought the realities of 19th-century pioneer life to life, captivating viewers and readers alike.  Wilder’s classic tales remain a cornerstone of children’s literature.

18. Who won the 1975 Grammy for Album of the Year with Still Crazy After All These Years?

Source: Flickr/Piano Piano!

A. Led Zeppelin

B. John Lennon

C. Paul Simon

D. Elton John

Answer: C. Paul Simon

Source: Wikimedia/Matthew Straubmuller (imatty35)

Insight: Paul Simon’s songwriting talents were solidified in the 1970s. His album, “Still Crazy After All These Years,” won the 1975 Grammy for Album of the Year, featuring hits like “50 Ways To Leave Your Lover.” This marked his third Album of the Year win, solidifying him as a musical powerhouse of the decade.

19. What movie earned Marlon Brando an Oscar in 1972?

Source: Wikimedia/Van Vechten Collection at Library of Congress

A. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest

B. On the Waterfront

C. Apocalypse Now

D. The Godfather

Answer: D. The Godfather

Source: Britannica

Insight: Nearly two decades after his first Best Actor win for “On the Waterfront,” Marlon Brando cemented his legacy in 1972 with another Oscar for his unforgettable performance in the cinematic masterpiece, “The Godfather.” This iconic film solidified Brando’s status as a Hollywood legend.

20. What coin was given a new reverse design to commemorate the Bicentennial, in addition to the Eisenhower dollar and the quarter?

Source: Wikimedia/EnLorax G. Edward Johnson

A. Penny

B. Nickel

C. Half Dollar

D. Dime

Answer: C. Half Dollar

Source: Wikimedia/United States Mint

Insight: To celebrate the American Bicentennial in 1976, the Kennedy half dollar received a special design. The heads side of the coin displayed both 1776 and 1976, while the tails side featured a unique image of the moon landing and the Liberty Bell. Even special Eisenhower Silver Dollars containing 40% silver were minted for this momentous occasion.

21. Who became known around the world in 1978 for ordering his followers to kill their children and commit suicide?

Source: Wikimedia/Nancy Wong

A. Joseph Stalin

B. Charles Manson

C. Jim Jones

D. David Koresh

Answer: C. Jim Jones

Source: Wikimedia/Nancy Wong

Insight: The Peoples Temple cult led by Jim Jones tragically ended in a mass suicide at Jonestown, Guyana in 1978. Over 900 people, including hundreds of children, died following Jones’ orders. This event, often mistakenly linked to Kool-Aid due to media portrayals, remains a chilling reminder of the dangers of cults.

22. Who played the lead role of Caine in the television series Kung Fu?

Source: Imdb

A. Robert Carradine

B. Stacy Keach

C. Michael Landon

D. David Carradine

Answer: D. David Carradine

Source: Wikimedia/Roland Gerrits / Anefo

Insight: David Carradine, known for his dance background and acting career, landed the lead role of Caine in Kung Fu. While the concept was reportedly pitched by Bruce Lee’s wife, claiming it was Bruce Lee’s idea, casting concerns about a Chinese lead led producers to choose Carradine instead.

23. What technique did Muhammad Ali employ to defeat George Foreman and become heavyweight champion of the world in 1974?

Source: Wikimedia/El Gráfico

A. “Foreman Flattener”

B. “Rake a Fake”

C. “Rope a Dope”

D. “Rouse a Rouse”

Answer: C. “Rope a Dope”

Source: Medium

Insight: In the legendary 1974 “Rumble in the Jungle,” Muhammad Ali defied expectations with his “Rope-a-Dope” tactic. Ali absorbed punches against the ropes for seven rounds, strategically tiring out the powerful George Foreman. In the eighth round, a revitalized Ali capitalized on Foreman’s exhaustion, delivering a knockout punch that secured his heavyweight title and cemented the fight as a historic boxing moment.

24. Which country held 52 American citizens hostage for 444 days, starting in late 1979?

Source: Wikimedia

A. Afghanistan

B. Iraq

C. Iran

D. Saudi Arabia

Answer: C. Iran

Source: Wikimedia

Insight: The Iran hostage crisis gripped the world for 444 days.  In 1979, Iranian students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran, holding 52 Americans hostage. The crisis ended with their release on the same day Ronald Reagan became president in 1981, marking a tense chapter in Cold War history.

25. Can you identify the artist who released the singles “Love to Love You Baby” and “MacArthur Park” during the 1970s?

Source: YouTube/Musichronics

A. Suzi Quatro

B. Diana Ross

C. Donna Summer

D. Freda Payne

Answer: C. Donna Summer

Source: Wikimedia/Casablanca Records

Insight: Disco queen Donna Summer teamed up with producers Giorgio Moroder and Pete Bellotte to create a string of hits at Musicland Studios. “Love to Love You Baby” (1975) and her “MacArthur Park” cover (1978) were massive successes, but it was “I Feel Love” (1977) that truly cemented her legendary status, forever changing the face of disco music.

26. On February 2, 1971, a major-general from which African country ousted President Milton Obote from power?

Source: Wikimedia/Bernard Gotfryd

A. Uganda

B. Tanzania

C. Kenya

D. Cameroon

Answer: A. Uganda

Source: Wikimedia/Kateregga1

Insight: Idi Amin, a Ugandan Major-General, seized power in a coup while President Obote was away. Declaring himself president, Amin’s rule quickly became notorious for brutality, human rights abuses, and corruption. He even claimed titles like “Conqueror of the British Empire.”  His hold on power ended in 1979, when Tanzanian forces and Ugandan exiles ousted him.

27. In April of 1975, Saigon fell into the hands of the People’s Army of Vietnam and the Vietcong. During this same time period, which Southeast Asian country’s civil war concluded?

Source: Wikimedia/James K. F. Dung, SFC, Photographer

A. Cambodia

B. Indonesia

C. Laos

D. Philippines

Answer: A. Cambodia

Source: Wikimedia/Manfred Werner (talk · contribs)

Insight: Cambodia’s brutal civil war ended in 1975 after eight bloody years. The Khmer Rouge, backed by North Vietnam, defeated Lon Nol’s government. This victory tragically led to a horrific genocide under the communist regime, claiming nearly 2 million lives between 1975 and 1979. 

28. Which U.S. President passed away in 1973?

Source: Wikimedia/JOEL MARTINEZ

A. Lyndon Johnson

B. Gerald Ford

C. Jimmy Carter

D. Herbert Hoover

Answer: A. Lyndon Johnson

Source: Wikimedia/Yoichi Okamoto

Insight: Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th president, died on January 22nd, 1973, at 64. After a career in public service spanning three decades, Johnson left a lasting legacy. He championed landmark social programs like the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the War on Poverty, shaping the course of American history.

29. Why did sports writers in the 1970s famously refer to baseball legend Reggie Jackson as ‘Mr. October’?

Source: Yanksgoyard

A. Because he hit his first career home run in October

B. Because his birthday was in October

C. Because of his World Series performances

D. Because he always wore orange, the color of October’s fall foliage

Answer: C. Because of his World Series performances

Source: Wikimedia/State Farm

Insight: Baseball legend Reggie Jackson wasn’t called “Mr. October” for nothing!  Famous for his clutch hitting in the World Series, especially during the 1970s, Jackson’s peak performance came in 1977.  He smashed a record-breaking three consecutive home runs in a single World Series game, propelling the New York Yankees to victory and securing his place in baseball history.

30. In what American city did the Legionnaires’ disease tragedy of 1976, resulting in 28 deaths, take place?

Source: Wikimedia/CDC/ Stafford Smith

A. Dallas

B. Washington, D.C.

C. Buffalo

D. Philadelphia

Answer: D. Philadelphia

Source: Wikimedia/Ginevrajocosa88

Insight: Tragedy struck in 1976 at a Philadelphia American Legion convention. An outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease, named for the high number of Legionnaires affected, resulted in 221 cases and sadly, 28 deaths. This event highlighted the dangers of the disease.

31. Which artist released the singles “(I’m Always Touched by Your) Presence, Dear” and “Heart of Glass” in the 1970s?

Source: Wikimedia/Private Stock Records


B. The Ramones

C. The Slits

D. Blondie

Answer: D. Blondie

Source: Wikimedia/Anna Hanks

Insight: New wave pioneers Blondie, led by Debbie Harry, dominated the late 70s with hits like “Heart of Glass.” While “(I’m Always Touched by Your) Presence, Dear” appeared on their 1978 sophomore album, it was “Parallel Lines,” released later that year, that truly launched them to stardom with the iconic “Heart of Glass.”

32. Which Beatle wrote the song “My Sweet Lord” at the start of his solo career?

Source: Wikimedia/Harry Pot / Anefo

A. Paul McCartney

B. Ringo Starr

C. John Lennon

D. George Harrison

Answer: D. George Harrison

Source: Wikimedia/David Hume Kennerly

Insight: The Beatles’ George Harrison found himself in hot water with his 1970 hit “My Sweet Lord.”  The song, blending Christian themes with Sanskrit mantras, soared on the charts but faced a copyright lawsuit. Critics claimed it too closely resembled the Chiffons’ 1963 tune “He’s So Fine.”  A judge agreed, finding Harrison’s similarities “subconscious” and imposing a $587,000 penalty.

33. Which highly rated television show was Mork and Mindy a spin-off from?

Source: Wikimedia/Mork and Mindy

A. All in the Family

B. Welcome Back Kotter

C. Laverne and Shirley

D. Happy Days

Answer: D. Happy Days

Source: Wikimedia/ABC Television

Insight: The wacky character of Mork, played by the brilliant Robin Williams, first stole hearts on an episode of Happy Days in 1978. Mork’s popularity was so out of this world (literally, he was an alien!), that he landed his own show, Mork and Mindy, the following season.

34. Who sang the 1979 hit song “I Will Survive”, which VH1 lists as the greatest dance single of all time?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Sister Sledge

B. Donna Summer

C. Bee Gees

D. Gloria Gaynor

Answer: D. Gloria Gaynor

Source: Wikimedia/annulla

Insight: Gloria Gaynor’s “I Will Survive” took the world by storm in 1978, becoming a disco sensation and topping the U.S. charts. Written by Freddie Perren and Dino Fekaris, the anthem of resilience and strength has been covered countless times and remains a timeless disco classic.

35. Who won the 1976 U.S. presidential elections against Gerald Ford?

Source: Wikimedia/Thomas J. O’Halloran, photographer

A. Richard Nixon

B. Ronald Reagan

C. George H. W. Bush

D. Jimmy Carter

Answer: D. Jimmy Carter

Source: Wikimedia/Ansel Adams

Insight: Jimmy Carter, a Democrat from Georgia, narrowly defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford of Michigan in the 1976 United States presidential election by 297 electoral college votes to Ford’s 240. Carter ran on a platform of restoring Americans’ trust and fixing the economy, while Ford had assumed the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal. This election highlighted the importance of competent leadership and the potential of a challenger to offer more than the incumbent.

36. Who was the 1970s heartthrob who released the hit singles “Cherish” and “How Can I Be Sure?”

Source: Wikimedia/Mike Meadows, Los Angeles Times

A. John Travolta

B. Donny Osmond

C. David Cassidy

D. Billy Idol

Answer: C. David Cassidy

Source: Wikimedia/Hans Peters (Anefo)

Insight: Teen idol David Cassidy ruled the 1970s with his sweet voice and charming looks.  Stealing hearts on “The Partridge Family” as Keith Partridge, Cassidy’s hits like “Cherish” and “How Can I Be Sure?” solidified him as a musical icon and a top heartthrob of the decade.

37. In which country was the first test tube baby born?

Source: CBC

A. Canada


C. England

D. South Africa

Answer: C. England

Source: Onedio

Insight: 1978 marked a turning point in science. Louise Brown, born in Oldham, England, became the world’s first “test-tube baby” conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). This groundbreaking event stands as the origin story of IVF technology.

38. In the 1970s, which music artist released singles titled “Elected” and “Billion Dollar Babies”?

Source: Wikimedia/Kreepin Deth

A. Aerosmith

B. Kiss

C. The Who

D. Alice Cooper

Answer: D. Alice Cooper

Source: Wikimedia/Biha

Insight: Rocker Alice Cooper, known for his wild theatrics, ruled the 70s rock scene. Hits like “Elected” and “Billion Dollar Babies” propelled his album of the same name to number one on both sides of the Atlantic.  Fun fact: Alice Cooper began as a band, but frontman Vincent Furnier took the name solo after their break-up in 1974 and continued rock royalty.

39. During the 1970s, only two Summer Olympics took place. Can you name the two cities that played host to these games?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Beijing and London

B. Tokyo and Berlin

C. Munich and Montreal

D. Los Angeles and Stockholm

Answer: C. Munich and Montreal

Source: Wikimedia/Amrei-Marie

Insight: Awarded the 1972 Summer Olympics in 1966 over Detroit, Madrid, and Montreal, Munich’s Games were tragically overshadowed by the Munich Massacre. Montreal, however, successfully hosted the 1976 Olympics, showcasing the contrasting fortunes of these two host cities in the 1970s.

40. In which U.S. state did the deadliest prison riot in history occur in September of 1971?

Source: Buffalo News Archives

A. Pennsylvania

B. California

C. New York

D. Illinois

Answer: C. New York

Source: Wikimedia/Bronayur

Insight: In 1971, a violent uprising erupted at the Attica Correctional Facility in New York. Over 1,000 inmates took control, demanding better prison conditions. A failed retaking by police left a tragic mark on history – 43 people were killed, including both inmates and prison staff, in a hail of gunfire.

41. Which song and its artist(s) swept the 1971 Grammy Awards by taking home five awards?

Source: GRAMMY

A. American Woman, by The Guess Who

B. Everything Is Beautiful, by Ray Stevens

C. Bridge Over Troubled Water, by Simon and Garfunkel

D. Let It Be, by John Lennon and Paul McCartney

Answer: C. Bridge Over Troubled Water, by Simon and Garfunkel

Source: Wikimedia/Simon and Garfunkel

Insight: Simon and Garfunkel’s “Bridge Over Troubled Water” dominated the 1971 Grammys, winning five awards including Song and Record of the Year. Released on their final album in 1970, the song cemented their musical legacy. Its moving lyrics and melody struck a chord, making it a timeless classic.

42. What French President’s name is given to the arts complex building opened in Paris in 1977 with its very controversial design?

Source: Wikimedia/Leland

A. D’Estaing

B. Pompidou

C. Chirac

D. Mitterrand

Answer: B. Pompidou

Source: Wikimedia/Sigismond Michalowski

Insight: Built in 1977 under the direction of President Pompidou, Paris’ Centre Pompidou is a modern marvel. Designed by rising stars Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, it broke the mold with its “inside-out” structure, showcasing colorful pipes and ducts on the exterior.  This architectural gem quickly became a beloved cultural hub, welcoming visitors from around the world.

43. In 1979, which man was the first hurricane to be named after?

Source: Wikimedia/The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

A. Scott

B. Bob

C. Carl

D. David

Answer: B. Bob

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In 1979, hurricane naming got a makeover! Before that, storms were named alphabetically after women, starting with Alice in 1953. Even earlier, they were simply named based on where they formed. But 1979 saw the switch to the current system, where storms alternate male and female names, with Bob becoming the first hurricane to get a masculine moniker.

44. What was the focus of the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed in 1971?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Voting Age

B. Civil Rights

C. Presidential Succession

D. Alcohol Consumption

Answer: A. Voting Age

Source: Wikimedia/National Youth Rights Association

Insight: In July 1971, the 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. The change came after extensive debate spurred by World War II and escalated during the Vietnam War, as disenfranchised young men garnered public support for their right to vote.

45. What animals were the subject matter of the 1972 bestseller Watership Down?

Source: Keepingupwiththepenguins

A. Dolphins

B. Birds

C. Rabbits

D. Dogs

Answer: C. Rabbits

Source: Wikimedia/William Warby

Insight: Richard Adams’ 1972 novel, Watership Down, is an animal fantasy epic. It follows a group of male rabbits, led by Bigwig, Hazel, and the prophetic Fiver, on a perilous journey to find a new home in southern England. Facing war and the need for does, they fight for survival and leave a lasting legacy as a literary classic.

46. What was the name of the federal judge who ordered the White House tape recordings to be turned over to the special prosecutor during the Watergate Scandal?

Source: Wikimedia/Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum

A. Sirica

B. Powell

C. Marshall

D. McCord

Answer: A. Sirica

Source: Britannica and Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Judge John Sirica, a key figure in the Watergate scandal, played a pivotal role in exposing the truth. In 1973, he defied President Nixon’s claims of secrecy and ordered the White House to release tapes related to the break-in. This decision, upheld by higher courts, helped unravel the cover-up and pressured Nixon to halt further recordings.

47. Which of the following was NOT among those sentenced to jail for conspiracy in the Watergate scandal?

Source: Wikimedia/Indutiomarus

A. Frank Sturgis

B. G. Gordon Liddy

C. James W. McCord Jr.

D. Sam Ervin

Answer: D. Sam Ervin

Source: Wikimedia/Harris and Ewing, photographer

Insight: Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina led the Senate investigation into the Watergate scandal, a role separate from those convicted. He retired in 1974, following Nixon’s resignation.  Ervin left a lasting legacy through his investigative work and authored several books, including one on the Bible.

48. Who is credited with inventing the 1970s fashion trend, Hotpants?

Source: Wikimedia/Toglenn

A. Yves Saint Laurent

B. Pierre Cardin

C. André Courrèges

D. Mary Quant

Answer: D. Mary Quant

Source: Wikimedia/Jack de Nijs for Anefo / Anefo

Insight: A fashion icon of the 1960s, Mary Quant (born 1934, London) is credited with creating the mod mini-skirt and the even shorter hotpants in the late 60s. Known as the “High Priestess of Fashion,” her daring designs earned her an OBE in 1966 and left a lasting legacy on the fashion world.

49. What toy trend was NOT popular in the 1970s?

Source: Trellis

A. Rubik’s Cubes

B. Pet Rocks

C. Cabbage Patch Kids

D. Nerf Balls

Answer: C. Cabbage Patch Kids

Source: Reddit

Insight: The 1970s were a boom time for wacky toys! Silly fads like Pet Rocks (painted pebbles!) in 1975 and the mind-bending Rubik’s Cube in 1974 captured the imagination of children everywhere. Even the classic Nerf ball gained major popularity during this decade. Cabbage Patch Kids, however, wouldn’t arrive until the 1980s.

50. Which television show dominated the Nielsen ratings, reigning supreme for five consecutive years starting from 1972 during the 1970s?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. The Brady Bunch

B. The Mary Tyler Moore Show

C. M*A*S*H

D. All in The Family

Answer: D. All in The Family

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Ruling the airwaves for five straight years in the 1970s,  “All in the Family” dominated television with Carroll O’Connor, Jean Stapleton, Rob Reiner, and Sally Struthers.  This groundbreaking show tackled mature themes, sparking national conversations and leaving a lasting legacy with spin-offs like “The Jeffersons” and “Maude.” It was a true force that defined the era of 70s television.

51. In 1974, which country became the sixth nuclear power in the world?

Source: Wikimedia/Library of Congress

A. China

B. Pakistan

C. United States

D. India

Answer: D. India

Source: Wikimedia/ENERGY.GOV

Insight: India’s nuclear journey began in 1944 with the founding of a key research institute.  Their nuclear ambitions became a reality in 1974 with a surprise detonation in the Rajasthan desert, codenamed “Smiling Buddha.” This test marked India’s entry into the elite club of nuclear powers.

52. In the television series M*A*S*H, only two actors/actresses reprised their roles from the movie. However, only one of these characters remained a recurring role past the first season. Can you name this actor or actress?

Source: Wikimedia/M*A*S*H (TV series)

A. Alan Alda

B. Gary Burghoff

C. Loretta Swit

D. David Ogden Stiers

Answer: B. Gary Burghoff

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Unlike most of the cast, Gary Burghoff brought his character Radar from the MAS*H movie over to the TV series for the long haul. Fans adored Radar’s unique talents, like hearing helicopters before anyone else, and his love for animals. While G. Wood briefly reprised his role as General Hammond from the film, he exited after just three episodes, making Burghoff the only true bridge between the movie and the long-running TV show.

53. Who won Best Actor at the 1974 Academy Awards for his role in the movie Harry and Tonto?

Source: Vidiotsfoundation

A. Al Pacino

B. Art Carney

C. Dustin Hoffman

D. Jack Nicholson

Answer: B. Art Carney

Source: Wikimedia/News service

Insight: In a surprising turn, comedic legend Art Carney won the 1974 Best Actor Oscar for his dramatic role in “Harry and Tonto,” beating out nominees like Dustin Hoffman and Jack Nicholson. While best known for his Emmy-winning turn as Ed Norton on “The Honeymooners,” Carney proved his versatility with this unexpected win.

54. Which of these programs did NOT debut in 1972?

Source: Wikimedia/Bureau of Industrial Service.

A. The Price Is Right

B. M*A*S*H

C. The Waltons

D. Marcus Welby, M.D.

Answer: D. Marcus Welby, M.D.

Source: Wikimedia/ABC Television

Insight: Airing from 1969 to 1976, medical drama  Marcus Welby, M.D.  broke ground by tackling social issues like divorce and civil rights.  Starring Robert Young and James Brolin, the show paved the way for a wave of similar dramas like MASH* and The Waltons which arrived a few years later in 1972.

55. What was the final album released by The Beatles before their break-up in 1970?

Source: YouTube/Gigi Mancini

A. Let It Be

B. Please Please Me

C. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band

D. Abbey Road

Answer: A. Let It Be

Source: YouTube/The Beatles

Insight: The Beatles’ final studio album, “Let It Be,” arrived in 1970, marking the end of an era for the band. Recorded just before their official break-up, it was both the last album they began work on and a precursor to the successful solo careers that awaited John, Paul, George, and Ringo.

56. Can you recall the Major League baseball team that clinched the World Series title three times in a row during the 1970s?

Source: Britannica

A. Philadelphia Phillies

B. Oakland Athletics

C. Baltimore Orioles

D. Los Angeles Dodgers

Answer: B. Oakland Athletics

Source: Wikimedia/Keith Allison

Insight: The Oakland Athletics, or A’s, ruled Major League Baseball in the early 1970s. They clinched an impressive three World Series titles in a row from 1972 to 1974, solidifying their place as a dynasty. Led by stars like Reggie Jackson and Catfish Hunter, the A’s brought a unique and exciting style of play to the field, earning them a reputation as one of baseball’s greatest teams.

57. Which Michelangelo masterpiece was damaged by a hammer at the hands of a Hungarian tourist in 1972?

Source: Wikimedia/Stanislav Traykov

A. David

B. The Pieta

C. The Sistine Chapel

D. The Mona Lisa

Answer: B. The Pieta

Source: Wikimedia/Didier Descouens

Insight: In 1972, a shocking act of vandalism befell Michelangelo’s Pietà. Laszlo Toth, a geologist, attacked the 500-year-old sculpture with a hammer, claiming to be Jesus. The attack caused significant damage, but Toth faced no criminal charges. Even Pope Paul VI visited the Pietà, highlighting the gravity of the incident.

58. Who narrated the last Bicentennial Minute public service announcement, run on December 31, 1976?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Richard Nixon

B. Jimmy Carter

C. Gerald Ford

D. Ronald Reagan

Answer: C. Gerald Ford

Source: Wikimedia/Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library

Insight: Ending a patriotic tradition, President Gerald Ford narrated the final Bicentennial Minute on December 31, 1976. These short nightly messages, which began on July 4, 1974, commemorated the American Revolution’s 200th anniversary by highlighting a historical event or figure significant to that date.

59. What West German was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971?

Source: Wikimedia/ProtoplasmaKid

A. Willy Brandt

B. Konrad Adenauer

C. Helmut Kohl

D. Walter Momper

Answer: A. Willy Brandt

Source: Wikimedia/Stadtarchiv Kiel

Insight: In recognition of his efforts to thaw the Cold War and rebuild bridges between West Germany and Eastern Europe, Willy Brandt, the West German Chancellor, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971. His diplomatic achievements, including a series of negotiations in 1970, secured him a place as the fourth German Nobel Peace laureate.

60. What city was the backdrop to the popular police show which finished in the top ten ratings for 1974?

Source: YouTube/akaunknown1

A. Miami

B. San Francisco

C. Las Vegas

D. Honolulu

Answer: D. Honolulu

Source: Wikimedia/ArdentArbitration

Insight: Filmed amidst the stunning scenery of Honolulu, Hawaii, detective drama Hawaii Five-O captivated audiences in the 1970s. Starring Jack Lord and James MacArthur, the show made it into the top ten rated programs of 1974. Beyond the thrilling crime-solving, viewers were treated to breathtaking views of Hawaii’s beaches, rainforests, and mountains, solidifying the show’s influence and cultural impact.

61. What was the subject of the top secret Pentagon Papers that The New York Times began printing on June 13, 1971?

Source: Wikimedia/Time magazine

A. Cold War

B. Southeast Asia

C. Domestic Espionage

D. Nuclear Technology

Answer: B. Southeast Asia

Source: Wikimedia/LBM1948

Insight: The top-secret “Pentagon Papers” exposed the U.S. government’s missteps in Southeast Asia, revealing a trail of miscalculations, bureaucratic arrogance, and even deception. Leaked by Daniel Ellsberg, a former government official, the papers sparked a national debate.  In a landmark decision, a judge threw out charges against Ellsberg in 1973, citing government misconduct.

62. In 1976, which spacecraft became the first to soft-land on Mars and send back pictures?

Source: Wikimedia/NASA

A. Apollo 11

B. Voyager 2

C. Mars IV

D. Viking 1

Answer: D. Viking 1

Source: Flickr/NASA on The Commons

Insight: In a giant leap for Martian exploration, Viking 1 touched down in July 1976, becoming the first U.S. spacecraft to land softly on the Red Planet. This historic mission, part of NASA’s Viking Project with twin spacecraft, beamed back the first close-up images of Mars and aimed to unlock the planet’s secrets: its atmosphere, surface composition, and the long-sought answer – is there life on Mars?

63. During the 1970s, which pitcher made history by becoming the first to win the Cy Young award in both leagues?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Jim Palmer

B. Nolan Ryan

C. Gaylord Perry

D. Steve Carlton

Answer: C. Gaylord Perry

Source: Wikimedia/Michael Marconi

Insight: A master of the controversial spitball, Gaylord Perry dominated the 1970s. He secured his first Cy Young Award in 1972 with the Cleveland Indians, ending their Cy Young drought.  But Perry wasn’t done yet. In 1978, he became the first pitcher to win the coveted award in both the National and American League, adding another trophy to his collection with the San Diego Padres.

64. On July 28, 1976, what city in China was devastated by the worst earthquake of the 20th century, with twenty square miles of the city completely destroyed?

Source: Wikimedia/the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

A. Wuhan

B. Tangshan

C. Shenzhen

D. Beijing

Answer: B. Tangshan

Source: Wikimedia/Alexis Rondeau

Insight: A monstrous 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Tangshan, China in 1976, claiming over 240,000 lives and devastating the city. This horrific event, one of the deadliest earthquakes of the 20th century, nearly erased Tangshan from the map. Yet, in the face of immense tragedy, the human spirit persevered, and Tangshan rose from the ashes.

65. During the revolution in Iran in January of 1979, the Shah was compelled to leave his country. Who succeeded him as the leader of Iran?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Mohammad Mosaddegh

B. Hassan Rouhani

C. Shapour Bakhtiar

D. Prince Muhammad

Answer: C. Shapour Bakhtiar

Source: AFP

Insight: In the wake of the Shah’s 1979 escape, Shapour Bakhtiar briefly became Iran’s leader.  However, his clashes with the popular religious figure, Ayatollah Khomeini, forced him to flee after just a month. Though short-lived, Bakhtiar’s rule marked a turning point, highlighting the political turmoil that would engulf Iran.

66. In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that busing could be mandated in order to achieve desegregation in public schools. This led to riots and protests in one city, which subsequently made national headlines. Can you name that city?

Source: Wikimedia/Warren K. Leffler, U.S. News and World Report Magazine

A. Jackson, MS

B. Boston, MA

C. Chicago, IL

D. Birmingham, AL

Answer: B. Boston, MA

Source: Wikimedia/Nelson48

Insight: Busing for desegregation in the 1970s sparked outrage in Boston. Parents of all races opposed sending their children to schools outside their neighborhoods. The resulting protests and riots made national news, highlighting the complexities of achieving racial equality in education.

67. During the entire decade, which Major League Baseball player was the only player to hit over 50 home runs in a season?

Source: Flickr/George Foster

A. Carl Yastrzemski

B. George Foster

C. Jim Rice

D. Johnny Bench

Answer: B. George Foster

Source: Wikimedia/resedabear

Insight: George Foster dominated the 1970s as a hitter, launching the only 50-homer season of the decade (1977) and earning an MVP award.  He was a key part of the Cincinnati Reds’ dynasty, helping them reach three World Series and win two championships. Even after retiring, Foster remains involved in baseball, inspiring young players through camps and clinics.

68. In the 1978 World Series, which player clinched the MVP award by contributing 3 RBIs in game six, leading the Yankees to victory over the Dodgers for the second year in a row?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Bucky Dent

B. Graig Nettles

C. Reggie Jackson

D. Brian Doyle

Answer: A. Bucky Dent

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Baseball legend Bucky Dent cemented his place in Yankee history as the 1978 World Series MVP. His clutch performance, especially the 3 RBIs in game six, was instrumental in defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers. Throughout the series, Dent’s impressive .417 batting average with 10 hits and 7 RBIs solidified him as a key player in the Yankees’ championship run.

69. What was the profession of the main character in the ’70s show Ironside?

Source: Wikimedia/Ironside (TV series)

A. Prosecutor

B. Defense Attorney

C. Social Worker

D. Consultant

Answer: D. Consultant

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: In the 1970s detective series “Ironside,” Raymond Burr takes on the role of Robert Ironside, a paralyzed former San Francisco police chief. Refusing to let his injury sideline him, Ironside uses his sharp mind and experience to become a crack civilian consultant, tackling the city’s most challenging cases. This unique twist on the classic detective formula made “Ironside” a true standout.

70. Who was chosen as Time Magazine’s “Person of the Year” for 1978?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

A. Deng Xiaoping

B. Ayatollah Khomeini

C. Jimmy Carter

D. “The Scientist”

Answer: A. Deng Xiaoping

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Insight: Daring to modernize China, Deng Xiaoping earned Time Magazine’s “Person of the Year” in 1978. His “Opening Policy” kickstarted economic reforms and national pride, propelling China towards the modern world.